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Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (Pmdd)

Are you feeling tired of yourself? Don’t know what’s going on? Hope some of you may find an answer here.


Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) is a condition associated with severe emotional and physical symptoms that are linked to the menstrual cycle. These severe premenstrual symptoms (PMS) affect about 5-10 percent of menstruating women. 

PMDD is different PMS by the intensity and severity of the symptoms. Most women do experience some physical and mood related symptoms before and during menstruation, but if the symptoms are severe enough to disrupt your life, your daily activities (work, school), interpersonal relationships and social behavior, then only they can be due to PMDD.

Symptoms start from any period ranging from ovulation, until the end of the cycle. A period of feeling normal between the end of the cycle and ovulation of the next cycle is quite diagnostic. 

It is a SOMATOPSYCHIC disorder with symptoms of;

 

MOOD

BEHAVIOR

PHYSIQUE

Depressed mood, feeling hopeless

Changes in eating patterns

Fatigue, tiredness, loss of energy

Anxiety

Loss of interest in usual activities

Excessive sleep or Insomnia

Emotional instability with mood swings

Marked irritability with increased conflicts

Bloating, weight gain

Feeling suddenly sad or tearful or increased sensitivity to rejection

Confusion and lack of concentration

Headaches, Body aches, Joint pains

 

Breast tenderness

 

Causes: Hormonal and Neurotransmitter imbalance. PMDD is also common in women who have underlying Psychiatric or psychological disorder. 

Treatment and Management:
1. Awareness and Recognition of the symptoms. Observing the pattern of the symptoms.

2. Role of Homoeopathy: 
Homoeopathic medicines act wonderfully on the psycho-neuro-endocrine axis thus correcting the imbalances in the neurotransmitter and the hormonal levels. These are natural remedies that stimulate the body’s capacity to bring about regulation, thus effecting a long lasting or permanent cure without any side effects. The prescription is based on peculiarity of the symptoms and personality. The case-taking gives the women a chance to express and discuss her life scenario.

Also, Homoeopathy does not look at PMDD in isolation but considers the women’s background, stressors and phase of life.

3. Food and Diet: 
Limit the intake of Alcohol, Caffeine, salt and refined sugar. Increase the intake of complex carbohydrates and proteins.

4. Exercising regularly. 

References:
1. Pamela Wartian Smith, MD,MPH. 2010. What You Must Know About Women’s Hormones; Your guide to natural hormone treatments for PMS, Menopause, Osteoporosis, PCOS, and More. Square one publishers. NY 

2. Benjamin J. Sadock, Virginia A. Sadock. Kaplan & Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry. Philadelphia :Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000. Print.

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